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The Jones Act

Proving Experienced Legal Services to Offshore Workers in New Orleans

The Jones Act, more formally known as the Merchant Marine Act of 1920, provides crew members aboard offshore vessels with certain legal rights designed to protect their health and welfare in the face of many potential dangerous conditions.

The Jones Act allows crew members to file a lawsuit against their offshore employer when their fellow crew member’s or the offshore employer’s negligence caused their injuries.  

Rig Workers

Am I A Seaman?

Crewmembers aboard vessels are often referred to as seaman for purposes of the Jones Act.  In order to seek compensation under the Jones Act as a result of an offshore maritime accident, you must first establish that you are a seaman.  Not every worker injured onboard a vessel is a seaman.  In order to be considered a seaman, you must generally meet three important requirements:

You must be onboard a vessel in navigation at the time of your injury.  A vessel does not necessarily have to be moving to be considered to be in navigation.

You must have an employment relationship to the vessel in navigation that is substantial in both nature and duration.

You must contribute to the purpose of the vessel on which you are employed.

It is very important that you contact a highly skilled offshore maritime injury lawyer immediately after an accident.  Many courts have issued rulings on what types of workers constitute seaman for purposes of the Jones Act.  A good offshore maritime accident lawyer will need sufficient time to investigate your particular case and research applicable cases to determine whether you are a Jones Act seaman.      

Was I Working Aboard A Vessel?

We may think that a vessel is an easily understood term that basically refers to a boat.  However, courts in various parts of the country have wrestled with how best to properly classify certain types of structures positioned offshore.  Many seaman now work aboard vessels that are not merely boats in the traditional sense.  Jack up and semisubmersible rigs are just a couple of the unique vessels that courts have had to wrestle with how best to classify over the years.  It is important to hire a good New Orleans offshore maritime injury attorney to investigate your particular case so as to determine whether you were working onboard a vessel when the accident occurred.      

Responsibilities Of An Offshore Employer.

Over the years courts have detailed several responsibilities that an offshore employer owes a seaman.  If you suffered an offshore maritime injury as a result of your employer’s failure to fulfill one of these responsibilities you may have a valid Jones Act claim.

An offshore employer must provide maritime workers with a reasonably safe work place.  An employer must supervise and instruct offshore maritime workers about safe work methods by which they are to carry out the orders given to them. The maritime employer must provide adequate and proper equipment. The captain of an offshore maritime vessel owes his crew a paternalistic duty to protect them.  While an offshore maritime worker does have a duty to protect himself from injury, that duty is slight.  An offshore worker is not required to find the safest way to accomplish the task that he was ordered to perform.

An employer is responsible to the injured offshore maritime worker if one or more of its employees engaged in conduct below the standard which the law applies to their activities in the course and scope of their employment.  Generally, a maritime worker must act with the degree of care that we would reasonably expect from an ordinarily prudent person.  In deciding whether the offshore employer’s  substandard conduct caused or contributed to a maritime worker’s injury, a judge or jury will eventually ask the question: “Did the employer’s substandard conduct play a part – no matter how small – in bringing about the maritime worker’s injury?”  

An injured offshore maritime worker’s burden of proof at trial is featherweight.  In other words, the injured offshore worker is entitled to recover damages against his employer if he simply proves that the employer’s negligence played any part, however small, in bringing about his injury.

What Should I Do Immediately After An Offshore Accident?

When a serious accident occurs offshore, most maritime employers begin investigating the accident immediately.  Often times, an army of maritime lawyers start working on a particular case for your employer following an offshore accident before the injured workers ever file a claim.  Given this reality, it is important for you to take some important steps to properly document your Jones Act claim.

If you are hurt or in pain, stop working immediately.  Do not try and tough out your injury.  If you continue to work after you are hurt, you could aggravate the injury. 

Report your offshore injury to your supervisor immediately.  Make sure that your supervisor follows the proper protocol by filling out an accident report.

Request the medical attention you are entitled to as soon as possible.  You are not required to see your company’s doctor.  Company doctors are paid by your employers.  These doctors do not always have your best interest in mind as they are examining you.

Take photographs of the accident scene and any other conditions on the vessel that caused your injury.

Talk to potential witnesses and get all of their home contact information including cell phone numbers and addresses.  Once you are taken off of the vessel, depending upon the severity of your injury, you may never return to that vessel or that crew again.

 Do not sign anything until you have had an opportunity to consult with an experienced New Orleans Jones Act attorney. 

How Long Do I Have To File A Jones Act Lawsuit?

Generally, an offshore maritime worker has three (3) years from the date of their injury to file suit against their employer under the Jones Act.  However, if you were working aboard a vessel owned by, operated by, or under contract to the U.S. government you may have a shorter period of time to file your lawsuit.

In you have been seriously injured offshore, you should contact a maritime injury lawyer immediately.  Do not expect your employer to offer you assistance.  Your employer may offer you the bear minimum in terms of compensation while you are entitled to much more under the Jones Act.  Do not delay contacting an offshore injury attorney because your employer promises to take care of you.  Three years may seem like a long time.  However, the truth is that it is rarely a good idea to wait to file.  The sooner you file, the sooner you can receive the compensation you deserve. 

Maintenance and Cure

Many injured offshore workers are concerned about how they will support their families after a serious accident.  Under the Jones Act, seamen are entitled to specific benefits if they are injured while working aboard their vessel.  These benefits are commonly called “maintenance and cure.”  A seaman is entitled to “maintenance and cure” even if they were injured in an accident that was their own fault.  Offshore employers face stiff penalties imposed by the courts if they fail to timely pay these mandatory benefits when an maritime worker is injured.

“Maintenance” is the money paid to a seaman for each day that he is unable to work because of an injury or illness.  The daily amount is supposed to cover reasonable living expenses until the seaman is able to work  However, you will likely be shocked by how low this number is in actuality.  

“Cure” is the obligation of the offshore employer to pay all medical costs incurred as a result of your offshore injury.  An offshore employer is obligated to pay these medical costs until you have reached maximum medical improvement (MMI).  An injured seaman is considered to have reached MMI when a doctor concludes that further medical treatment will not improve the injured maritime worker’s condition.

If you or a family member has been seriously injured or killed as a result of an offshore maritime accident, it is very important that you contact a highly skilled Louisiana Jones Act lawyer immediately.  No firm is better equipped than HHK to handle your personal injury claim stemming from an offshore maritime accident.  Learn about your legal rights from an experienced New Orleans Jones Act attorney by calling 504-581-4892 or by filling out our free, no obligation case review form.



Herman Herman & Katz, LLC
820 O Keefe Ave
New Orleans, LA 70113
Phone: (504) 581-4892

Copyright ©2017 Herman Herman & Katz, L.L.C.

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